Our refinery produces a range of high value, environment-friendly petroleum products such as Motor Spirit, High Speed Diesel, Superior Kerosene Oil, Aviation Turbine Fuel, Liquefied Petroleum Gas, Naphtha, Pet Coke, Sulphur, Bitumen, to cater to both the domestic and commercial demand in the northern region of the country. All refined products are supplied to and marketed through HMEL's Joint Venture promoter HPCL and its nominated companies.
We have marked presence for Pet Coke, Sulphur and Polypropylene in the export markets and HMEL products conform to the export specifications.
|- Fuel primarily for passenger cars|
|High Speed Diesel (HSD)||
|- Fuel for automotive diesel engines used in transportation vehicles,
locomotives, power generation, construction and farming.
|Superior Kerosene Oil (SKO)||
|- Cooking fuel in portable stoves
- Lighting fuel in kerosene lamps and lanterns
|Aviation Turbine Fuel (ATF)||
|- Fuel for turbine engines in Aircraft|
|Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG)||
|- Fuel for cooking and heating|
|- Feedstock for Petrochemicals plants
- Fuel for power and steam generation
|As a heating fuel in the following industries:
- Cement Kilns
- Thermal Power Plants
- Brick Kilns
- Lime Kilns
- Paper Industry
- Steel Rolling Mills
|Sulphur product has applications in the production process of the following industries:
- Sulphuric Acid
- Fertilizer Industry
- Tyre & Rubber Industry
- Sugar Industry
- Linear Alkyl Benzene
- Carbon Disulphide
- Explosives & Fire Crackers
- Pharma Industry
- Dye & Dye Intermediates
|- Road pavement
- Roofing felts
|- Drug and pharmaceutical industry
- Solvent in solvent extraction process
|Mineral Turpentine Oil (MTO)||
|- Raw material for paints and varnishes
- Dry cleaning and other industrial cleaning purposes
|- In manufacturing of Portland Pozzalana Cement
- Embankments and other structural fills (usually for road construction)
Product is sold basis customer requirements for typical values on the following properties:
1. Physical Properties
- Melt Flow Index
- Yellowness Index
- Xylene Solubility
2. Mechanical Properties
- Tensile Strength
- Impact Strength
- Flexural Modulus
3. Thermal Properties
- Softening Point
- Heat Deflection Temperature
Furniture, Automotive, Appliances, Household containers
Industrial packaging such as cement sacks, Leno bags, Tape yarns, Monofilaments, Ropes
Tubular Quench grade:
Tubular Water Quench (TQ) Film for packaging foodstuffs and garments, snack food, Bread bags, grocery & general purpose packaging
Bi-axially Orientated PP (BOPP) grade:
General Purpose BOPP Films, Metallizable BOPP Films (Stenter process), lamination grade BOPP Films, Snack food/ FMCG packaging, cigarette overwraps, adhesive tapes.
Fibre & Filaments grade:
Multi filament yarn, Non-woven fabrics & Extrusion coating application.
Thermoforming Cups, Disposable articles, and Rigid food containers & trays.
Our refinery’s state of the art Delayed Coker Unit (DCU) produces high sulphur Petroleum Coke (Pet Coke) which is the carbonaceous solid residue remaining after the distillation of petroleum materials. Pet coke has more than twice the calorific value of coal and is widely used as an alternative to coal in power plants, cement kilns and blast furnaces.
Coke is used as a fuel and as a reducing agent in smelting iron ore in a blast furnace. Any coal using industry can be a potential consumer of Petcoke. Major industrial segments using Fuel grade Petcoke in India are :
BIS specification of petcoke as per IS:8502-1994 is given below:
|Moisture (% mass, max)||8-12|
|Moisture (% mass, max)||4.5-7.5|
|Ash, % mass, max||0.2-0.3|
|Volatile Matter, %mass, max||8-11|
|Fixed Carbon, % mass, min||87.93-91.01|
|Gross Calorific Value, (GCV) Kcal/kg||7,800-8000|
Petroleum coke is the solid residue remaining after the distillation of petroleum materials. It is a carbonaceous solid derived from oil refinery Delayed Coker Unit.
High Carbon Content : It’s high carbon content makes it an excellent heat energy source.
High Calorific Value : Petcoke has high calorific value, ranging from 7000 to 8500 Kcal/kg, which makes it an economic fuel as compared to the alternate fuel coal.
Low Volatile Matter : Low volatile matter makes it a slow burning fuel so it requires high ignition temperature.
High Sulphur Content : It has high Sulphur content, which necessitates the deployment of SOx capture or removal system to reduce SO2 emissions. However, Petcoke is ideal for burning in lime kilns, where the sulphur combines with various salts of calcium to form sulphates, thus limiting the SO2 emission.
Low Ash Content : Petcoke has extremely low ash content, which eliminates the need to handle and dispose high quantity of ash associated with combustion of Indian coal having 15-35% ash.
High Hard Grove Index : Pet coke has low Hard Groove Index, which makes it relatively harder material to grind and pulverise.
Comparison Of Indian Coal, Imported Coal & Petcoke
A comparison of specification of C grade Indian non-coking coal used by cement industry, coal imported from Indonesia and petcoke to be produced by HMEL is shown below
|‘C Grade’ Indian Coal||Coal Imported from Indonesia||Petcoke to be produced by HMEL|
|Sulphur, (% mass, max)||0.8||1.00||7.5|
|Ash Content, (% mass, max)||32||4.5||NIL|
|Volatile Matter, (% mass, max)||27||41||10|
|Moisture Content (%mass, max)||4||16||10|
|Metallic Impurities||Absent||Absent||Present (Ni & V)|
|Hard Grove Index (HGI)||-||-||30-40|
|Size in mm (Max.)||-||-||100|
Our Sulphur Recovery Unit (SRU) produces Sulphur in powder and lump form. Maximum usage of Sulphur is for production of Sulphuric Acid which is widely used as a raw material for producing phosphatic and nitrogenous fertilizers. In raw form Sulphur is also used in explosives, sugar industry, match sticks etc
Maximum usage of Sulphur is for production of Sulphuric Acid. Sulphuric acid is widely used as a raw material for producing phosphatic and nitrogenous fertilizers.
|Fertilizer Application of Sulphuric Acid||Non-Fertilizer applications of Sulphuric Acid||Other applications of Sulphur in Raw Form|
|Single Super Phosphate (SSP)||Diammonium Phosphate (DAP)||Ammonium Sulfate (AS)|
|Batteries||Detergents||Paint||Caustic Soda||Titanium Dioxide||Phosphoric Acid &||Printing etc.|
|Sugar Industry||Match Sticks||Explosives||Fire crackers||Vulcanisation of Rubber||Pharmaceuticals||Dyes etc|
The guidance values of assay and impurities as per BIS Standard IS:6655-1972, are as below
|Characteristics||Percentage by Mass|
|Assay (dry basis)||99|
|Colour||Bright whitish yellow|
|Carbon||0.1 to 1.0|
Our special products portfolio includes Premium Grade Mineral Turpentine Oil (MTO) that meets the stringent norms set by major paint manufacturers and Food Grade Hexane that meet the requirements of sensitive industries such as Pharmaceuticals
Fly Ash is the residue left after combustion of Pet Coke in the refinery's captive power plant. Due to its cementitious properties, it is excellent for manufacture of cement and bricks. India is the second largest brick maker in the world after China. Usage of Fly Ash in making bricks, compared to traditional clay bricks manufacture, reduces pollution.